Fear of gods or religion.
The years of research and study by many experts in the field of phobias has led to several new developments. It is generally accepted that:
- there are diagnostic criteria for three clinical categories of phobia.
- the various categories of phobia and individual phobias, themselves, have different causes and reasons (aetiology or aetiological mechanisms) for their development.
- cognitive factors have a part in the development and continuance of phobias. This means that phobias are not entirely unconscious but are, in some cases, and to differing extents, reinforced by a person's perceptions and beliefs about the environment and the phobic stimulus.